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The significance of CP29 reversible phosphorylation in thylakoids of higher plants under envrionmental stresses

点击数:34402013-07-25 19:41:18 来源: 四川农业大学 生态环境研究所

The significance of CP29 reversible phosphorylation in thylakoids of higher plants under environmental stresses. Journal of Experimental Botany, 2013,64:1167-1178.

Yang-Er Chen1,*, Zhong-Yi Zhao3, Huai-Yu Zhang1, Xian-Yin Zeng1 and Shu Yuan2,*

1 Isotope Research Laboratory, College of Life and Basic Sciences, Sichuan Agriculture University, Ya’an 625014, China; 2 College of Resources and Environmental Sciences, Sichuan Agriculture University, Chengdu 611130, China; 3 Ministry of Education Key Laboratory for Bio-Resource and Eco-Environment, College of Life Science, Sichuan University, Chengdu, 610064, China

* To whom correspondence should be addressed.

Abstract:Reversible phosphorylation of proteins is a key event in many fundamental cellular processes. Under stressful conditions, many thylakoid membrane proteins in photosynthetic apparatus of higher plants undergo rapid phosphorylation and dephosphorylation in response to environmental changes. CP29 is the most frequently phosphorylated protein among three minor antennae complexes in higher plants. CP29 phosphorylation in dicotyledons has been known for several decades and is well characterized. However, CP29 phosphorylation in monocotyledons is less studied and appears to have a different phosphorylation pattern. In this review, we discuss recent advancements in CP29 phosphorylation and dephosphorylation studies and its physiological significance under environmental stresses in higher plants, especially in the monocotyledonous crops. Physiologically, the phosphorylation of CP29 is likely to be a prerequisite for state transitions and the disassembly of photosystem II supercomplexes, but not involved in non-photochemical quenching (NPQ). CP29 is phosphorylated in monocots exposed to environmental cues, with its subsequent lateral migration from grana stacks to stroma lamellae. However, neither CP29 phosphorylation nor its lateral migration occurs in dicotyledonous plants after drought, cold, or salt stress. Since the molecular mechanisms of differential CP29 phosphorylation under stresses are not fully understood, this review provides insights for future studies regarding the physiological function of CP29 reversible phosphorylation.

Key words: CP29, environmental stresses, non-photochemical quenching (NPQ), photosystem II, protein phosphorylation, thylakoid membrane


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